What is a 5-Axis Machinery?

There are certain complexities in 5-axis machinery. However, it does not have to be difficult to understand. Simply put, the process uses a CNC to move part or cutting tool simultaneously along five axes. It becomes a bit of a complicated process, especially when compared to the typical CNC that can only cut or move one part at a time.

This type of machine has a particular configuration that helps to determine which of its axis to utilize. It varies from machine to machine. A trunnion style device, for example, with operate with what is known as the A-axis and C-axis. It becomes complex when it leads readers back to Rene Descartes, who first thought about what is known today as the Cartesian Coordinate system. He discovered the concept of three-dimensional space – or three axes.

There are various reasons why businesses and manufacturers have pushed for the replacement of single cut machining to 5-axis CNC machining. With this type of machining, it is much easier to maintain single-setup machining, which is also known in the business as ‘done in one.’ It saves both time and costs and ultimately increases a company’s level of efficiency.

These machines also can avoid collision with the tool holder. It may happen when the tool holder tilts wither the table or the cutting tool. It can create imperfect pieces and decrease efficiency. 5-axis CNC machines can help manufacturers avoid this leading to better part geometry. It will improve and increase the life of tools and the cycle used for each process.

Machinery with more than one turning spindle typically already have more than one axis. Some machines have as many as nine axes. Still, the parts produced are still known as 5-axis parts. You may ask: how many axes do I honestly need? Is this machine too complex for my needs? It is going to apply on the application of the tool within your business. The precision of the geometry of the part being produced may require anywhere from 3 to 5-axis configuration. In the case of not knowing which configuration or even which machine is best, go back to the initial plan.

As with most aspects of business, the precise CNC machinery that you purchase for your production will depend directly on your needs. Understand the type of part that you’re making, the level of precision that you’re looking for, and your options for single-setup machining. If it can be easier, why not let it?

VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)